How Does a Solar-Powered Generator Work? -- Some Basic Information

How Does a Solar-Powered Generator Work? -- Some Basic Information

Global warming is increasing - raising the earth's temperature and negatively impacting animal and plant species. The major contributor to global warming is the usage of energy generated by fossil fuels. Considering this, now everyone is looking for reliable and cleaner energy sources. One such source is a solar-powered generator that harnesses solar energy and converts it into electricity, powering all your appliances. According to energy live news, the UK has seen a 5.3% increase in solar capacity since March 2022[1]. This will double or triple in the coming years.

Want to learn further about solar generators and how they can make your life easy? We got you covered. This article will discuss the basic details of a solar generator, its applications, and more. Let's dive in!

What is a Solar-Powered Generator?

Typically, a solar generator captures energy from the sun and converts it into electricity. The primary components of a solar-powered generator include solar panels, a power station, and a solar panel connector. These outlets can power various appliances and electronics. For instance, they can be used during camping, emergencies, or off-grid living.

Components of Solar-Powered Generators

Here are the components of a solar generator that help you know more about it:

1. Solar Panels

Solar panels are critical components of a solar generator. They are built by using photovoltaic cells, which they use to collect solar energy and eventually transform it into electricity. In brief, when a light beam strikes the silicon used in PV cells, it produces electrons. These electrons create electricity as they go through an electrical circuit.

2. Power Station

Power stations with built-in portable power banks allow you to store the energy obtained by the sun for later use, like during emergencies or when there's little to no sun available. The commonly used batteries in solar generators are lithium-ion batteries. They are compact, affordable, and serve you in the long run. In addition, they can be charged at a fast speed, making them perfect for your quick outdoor adventures.

Inverters are another integral component of power stations. They convert the (DC) the solar panels produce into alternating current (AC). In simple terms, it takes the electricity produced by solar panels, which is in DC form. It transforms it into the AC form that is commonly used to power household appliances, electronics, and other devices.

Charge controllers are also integrated into solar power stations. They usually control the amount and time of charge to prevent overcharging your battery, ensuring your solar generator battery stays safe and serves you for a long time. A charge controller is not needed if your solar panel is under 5W. However, for solar panels above 5W, a charge controller is a must to prevent overcharging.

3. Solar Panel Connector

Next is the solar panel connector; as the name suggests, it helps connect the solar panel to the portable power station. This cable serves as a link between the solar panels and the portable power stations, enabling an efficient and safe transfer of power.

How a Solar-Powered Generator Works

A solar-powered generator has solar panels - made of PV cells using material such as silicon - that are utilised to collect solar energy. Once solar energy falls on it, the PV cells generate electrons that help in electricity generation. A charge controller manages the flow of electricity from the solar panels to a battery bank. The direct current is stored as chemical energy in the battery bank.

The inverter converts the stored direct current (DC) energy into alternating current (AC) electricity on your demand. The AC power can be used to run appliances or be redirected back into the electrical system.


how a solar powered generator works

Benefits of Using a Solar-Powered Generator

The solar-powered generators can be handy as they are:

1. Renewable Energy Sources

Solar generators utilise sunlight - a renewable energy source - that is abundant and available almost everywhere. Unlike fossil fuels which are a primary cause of air pollution and climate change, solar power is clean and emits no greenhouse gases. Hence, choosing a solar generator means you leave little to no carbon imprint and promote a better future.

2. Portable and Versatile

An additional benefit of the solar-powered generator is that they are small and lightweight, which makes them portable. They offer a practical and dependable power supply for all outdoor activities. Additionally, they are very versatile and power a variety of things, from small gadgets like laptops and cell phones to bigger appliances like refrigerators or medical equipment in times of crisis.

3. Silent Operation

Solar generators operate silently, unlike traditional fuel-powered generators that emit noise and fumes. This makes it useful for those seeking a peaceful environment during outdoor adventures, enabling you to enjoy the tranquillity of nature without any disturbing background noise.

4. Cost-Effective

Solar generators may cost more upfront, but they can save you money over time. Once you invest in a solar generator, you don't need to pay for expensive fuel or energy. It's because the sunlight used to produce electricity is free. So, over time, the savings on fuel costs can offset the initial purchase price, making solar generators a cost-effective choice.

Some Real Case Uses of a Solar-Powered Generator

Now that you know the basic working and benefits of a solar generator, let's look at a few of its real-life use cases:

  • Off-grid living:Solar-powered devices are ideal for powering homes or cabins in remote locations of the UK where grid electricity is unavailable. For instance, living in Fair Isle— which isn’t connected to the national grid— you can utilise solar generators for different purposes. They can provide electricity for lighting, appliances, and charging electronic devices.
  • Backup power during emergencies:A solar generator can be a dependable source of electricity during power outages brought on by natural disasters or emergencies. Various appliances like refrigerators, medical equipment, communication devices, lighting, etc., can be operated by them.
  • Camping and outdoor shows:Solar generators are portable and power camping equipment, such as lights, fans, radios, etc. When doing an outdoor show, you can also use it to charge your phones & other electronics, so you don't miss out on your fun.


some real case uses of a solar powered generator

How Long Can They Last?

The answer to how long solar generators can last depends upon the wattage rating of your generator. The more the wattage rating of a generator, the longer it can run, powering bigger appliances. Let's discuss different wattage ratings generators to know more:

2000W Solar Generators

Solar generators with 2,000 Watts can power a wide range of appliances. These include microwaves, space heaters, full-size refrigerators, electric stoves, and even heavy-duty tools like circular saws. Time depends on how much power each appliance needs and how much energy the solar generator can store.

1000W Solar Generators

Next are the 1000W solar generators with a power output of 1,000 watts that can efficiently run 100-watt televisions for around 8-13 hours, ensuring uninterrupted entertainment. Moreover, they can power 35-watt mini-fridges for over a day, allowing you to keep your food and beverages fresh.

However, it's crucial to double-check the wattage requirements of high-powered appliances like coffee makers and microwaves before usage. These devices can sometimes consume more power than a 1,000-watt generator can handle, as they can be rated for over 1,000 watts.

500W Solar Generators

Solar generators with a power output of 500 watts can effectively operate low-powered appliances ranging from 30 to 100 watts for 4 to 12 hours, depending on the specific appliance. For instance, televisions can run for approximately 4 to 7.5 hours, while mini or car fridges can be powered for 10 to 12 hours.

Best Solar-Powered Generator Options - Make Your Life Easier

Jackery brings an ultimate range of incredible solar-powered generators that supply you with uninterrupted power:

Jackery Solar Generator 2000 Pro


Jackery Solar Generator 2000 Pro

The Jackery Solar Generator 2000 Pro offers an impressive capacity of 2,160 Wh and an output power of 2200W, with a surge peak power of 4400W. This robust capability allows you to power various appliances such as hot plates, electric heaters, and air conditioners, making it ideal for home emergency situations or outdoor activities like camping or RV trips.

Charging the generator is a breeze, as it can be charged in under 2.5 hours using 6 SolarSaga 200W solar panels. Alternatively, it can be charged in just 2 hours through an AC wall outlet or via the carport. Regarding safety and reliability, the Jackery Solar Generator 2000 Pro excels.

It incorporates two chips for dual battery protection and four temperature core detectors, ensuring secure and dependable charging. In addition, it weighs 43 lbs (19.5 kg) and features a foldable handle design, making it portable. This allows for a comfortable on-the-go experience.

Key Features

  • Weighs 43 lbs (19.5 kg) with a foldable handle design
  • Fully charged in under 2.5 hours with 6 SolarSaga 200W solar panels or in 2 hours via AC wall outlet
  • Gigantic 2,160 Wh capacity with 2200W output power
  • Supports 4400W surge peak power
  • Dual battery protection and four temperature core detectors

Jackery Solar Generator 1000 Pro

 Jackery Solar Generator 1000 Pro

The Jackery Solar Generator 1000 Pro offers an ultra-charging system that allows you to fully charge its 1,002Wh capacity and 1000W output power (2000W Surge Peak Power) in just 1.8 hours. This rapid charging can be achieved by connecting the generator to a wall outlet or by using 4 PCs of SolarSaga 200W solar panels. The variant also comes with 2pcs of 80W solar panels that increase power generation efficiency by 25% through dual-sided solar reflection.

Designed for portable power on the go, the Jackery Solar Generator 1000 Pro weighs only 25.4 lbs and features a foldable handle for easy transportation. A noise level of 46dB ensures super-quiet charging, making it ideal for various outdoor activities. The smart screen display provides crystal clear viewing, while the three LED light modes (low, high light, and SOS) cater to both outdoor use and emergencies.

This solar-powered generator is equipped with dual 100W PD ports and offers steady charging for essential devices such as phones, iPads, laptops, and drones. It also includes 2 USB-C ports, 2 100W PD ports, 2 1000W AC ports, 1 USB A port, and a DC car port, providing multiple charging options to meet your needs. The best part? It is built with 94V-0 fire-rating materials and features a vehicle-grade battery system (BMS) for ultra-long battery life.

Key Features

  • Ultra-charging system charges to full in 1.8 hours
  • 1,002Wh capacity, 1000W output power (2000W Surge Peak Power)
  • Can be charged via wall outlet or with 4pcs of SolarSaga 200W solar panels
  • Variant includes 2pcs of 80W solar panels for increased power generation efficiency
  • Lightweight at 25.4 lbs with a foldable handle for easy transportation
  • 46dB noise level for super-quiet charging
  • Smart screen display and three LED light modes (low, high light, SOS)



A solar-powered generator is a renewable energy source and helps you build a greener environment. Multiple solar-powered generator options are available in the market; Jackery takes the lead with our versatile and efficient range. Some prominent options are Jackery Solar Generator 3000 Pro, Jackery Solar Generator 2000 Pro, etc. You can pick the best fit for your needs and budget requirements. So, get in touch with Jackery and explore a wide range of reliable Solar Generators!




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